EPILEPSY

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 What is epilepsy?
What causes epilepsy?
Is epilepsy hereditary?
Is epilepsy contagious?
Can epilepsy be prevented?
What is the treatment of epilepsy?
What are the treatment facilities available in CIIMS and how much will that cost ?
Does the drugs used for epilepsy have side effects?
Is epilepsy a hindrance to studies?
Is epilepsy a hindrance to marriage?
Is epilepsy a hindrance to employment or actively engaging in sports and other activities?
What should be done during the fits?
What are the lifestyle modifications required for effective seizure control and better quality of life?
 
 



 
 
Q. What is epilepsy
It is a neurological condition and not a mental illness. It is a tendency to get recurrent seizures. Seizures are the result of sudden usually brief, excessive electrical discharges from brain cells
 
     
 
Q. What causes epilepsy?

In a good majority of patients (50 to 70%) one does not know the cause.

  • * Birth injuries, head injuries, meningitis/encephalitis, parasite infection (neurocysticercosis), brain tuberculosis, brain tumors and stroke are some of identifiable causes of epilepsy.
 
     
 
Q. Is epilepsy hereditary?
In a great majority of cases the answer is "No". In certain types of epilepsies (eg. juvenile myoclonic epilepsy), the tendency to develop epilepsy is inherited.
 
     
 
Q. Is epilepsy contagious?
No. You cannot catch epilepsy from another person.
 
     
 
Q. Can epilepsy be prevented?
Epilepsy can be prevented by proper antenatal care, reducing accidents, improving environmental sanitation and reducing the risk for stroke, infection etc.
 
     
 
Q. What is the treatment of epilepsy?
Epilepsy is an eminently treatable condition. Nearly 70 to 80% people with epilepsy can achieve seizure control with proper medical treatment. Surgical treatment isavailable for selected patients with difficult to control epilepsy.
     
Q. What are the treatment facilities available in CIIMS and how much will that cost ?
1.Medical Treatment
2.Psychosocial intervention
3.Surgery for intractable epilepsy
4.Digital Video EEG
5.Intraoperative Electrocardiography

The Cost of VEEG monitoring for presurgical evaluation is approximately 25,000/-. The cost of Epilepsy Surgery is approximatelyRs.60000/-. Lower income group patients may get concession in their charges according to their income category
     
 
Q. Does the drugs used for epilepsy have side effects?

The drugs used for epilepsy need to be taken for a long time. Generally these medicines do not cause serious side effects. Minor side effects like excessive sleep, gum swelling, excessive hair growth or loss of hair, change in body weight etc can occur.

     
 
Q. Is epilepsy a hindrance to studies?
Tests in people with epilepsy generally show a normal intelligence. Most people with well-controlled epilepsy can have normal studies including, professional education.
     
 
Q. Is epilepsy a hindrance to marriage?
No. People with epilepsy can have normal married life. Women with epilepsy cangive birth to healthy babies. But social taboos cause hindrance to marriage.
     
 
Q. Is epilepsy a hindrance to employment or actively engaging in sports and other activities?
Research suggests that people with epilepsy are likely to have fewer seizures, when actively occupied. People with epilepsy can be valuable employees when placed in right jobs. But it is better to avoid accident-prone jobs or sports.
     
 
Q. What should be done during the fits?
  • Keep the person lying on one side to allow the secretion from the mouth to flow out.
  • Remove any object in the surroundings that may hurt the patient.
  • Loosen tight clothing and remove spectacles
  • Do not give anything to drink till the patient regain full consciousness
  • Do not over react to a seizure event but give assurance to people around
     
 
Q. What are the lifestyle modifications required for effective seizure control and better quality of life?
  • Take your medication regularly as advised by your doctor
  • Identify your seizure triggers and try to avoid them
  • Follow regular sleep pattern and avoid sleep deprivation
  • Maintain regular food habits and avoid fasting.
  • Avoid undue stress, alcoholism, smoking and weight gain.
  • Develop a positive mental attitude, be active, and be happy as much possible